Old England: A Pictorial Museum (page 1/51)

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[picture: Old England: Photograph of the book]

Old England: A Pictorial Museum of Regal, Ecclesiastical, Baronial, Municipal and Popular Antiquities, Charles Knight (1791 – 1873) London, Charles Knight and Co., Ludgate Street, First Edition, 1845, two volumes, folio, pp. viii, 392; vi, 386, 24 chromoxylographs (incl. frontis.). Many wood-engraved text illustrations.

My copy has contemporary (worn) half-calf with gilt backs; there is some light foxing and dampstaining to the plates and margins of some leaves. Ref. Abbey, Life, 43; purchased D. & E Lake Toronto, 1992.

This book has been reprinted, but the reprint is out of print; you can search for a used copy on Amazon.

I have typed in the index to the book so that you can ask me for other scans if you like.

I have the first few sections online as Old England: A Pictorial Museum if you want to read the actual book!

The book starts with Druidical and Prehistoric remains and continues on to have Castles, Manors and stately homes, Churches, Abbeys and Cathedrals and much more.

Charles Knight also produced an illustrated edition of the Works of Shakspere, as he spelt it.

There is an entry in the Nuttall Encyclopædia for Charles Knight.

Some of the engravings were done by the Dalziel brothers; I have some images from their autobiography, A Record of Work.

Contents

Volume I

Book I. Before the Conquest.

Chapter I. The British Period. [Fig. 1]

Chapter II. The Roman Period. [Fig. 80]

Chapter III. The Anglo-Saxon Period. [Fig. 189]

Book II. The Period From the Norman Conquest to the Death of King John. A.D. 1066—1216.

Chapter I. Regal and Baronial Antiquities. [Fig. 334]

Chapter II. Ecclesiastical Antiquities. [Fig. 491]

Chapter III. Popular Antiquities. [Fig. 795]

Book III. The Period From the Accession of Henry III. to the End of the Reign of Richard II. A.D. 1216—1399.

Chapter I. Regal and Baronial Antiquities. Fig. 814]

Chapter II. Ecclesiastical Antiquities. [Fig. 929]

Chapter III. Popular Antiquities.

Book IV. The Period From the Accession of Henry IV. to the End of the Reign of Richard III. A.D. 1399—1485.

Chapter I. Regal and Baronial Antiquities. [Fig. 1150]

Chapter II. Ecclesiastical Antiquities. [Fig. 1279]

Chapter III. Popular Antiquities. [Fig. 1335]

Although some of the images here are from Volume II, I plan to move them into their own darling little folder, and will make a second table of contents.

This book is online at archive.org (Vol I and Vol II), although the OCR has done a really bad job, and the scans are lower resolution and not cleaned up. But you could use it to request a specific image, and I will scan it for you if it’s not here yet.

Title: Old England: A Pictorial Museum

Author: Knight, Charles

City: London

Date: 1845

Total items: 395

Out of copyright (called public domain in the USA), hence royalty-free for all purposes usage credit requested, or as marked.

Some sample images

[picture: 1148.---Circular Chess Board (Cotton MS. and Strutt.)]

1148.—Circular Chess Board (Cotton MS. and Strutt.)

“Draughts (Fig. 1145) and chess were amusements of the higher ranks. The circular board (Fig. 1148) is peculiar; the chess-men differed somewhat in form and name from the ordinary chess-men.” (p. 334) [more...] [$]

[picture: 53.---Plan of Chambers on a Farm twelve miles from Ballyhendon]
[picture: 52.---Plan of Chambers at Ballyhendon]

52.—Plan of Chambers at Ballyhendon

“Camden has given a rude [crude] representation of two caverns near Tilbury in Essex, “spacious caverns in a chalky cliff, built very artificially of stone to the height of ten fathoms [18 metres, or 60 feet], and somewhat straight at the top. [...]” The universality of the practice is shown in the caves which were discovered in Ireland, in 1829, [...] [more...] [$]

[picture: Floriated initial capital letter ``S'' (coloured version)]

Floriated initial capital letter “S” (coloured version)

I coloured the initial letter S from the first page. The letter is red and the vine leaves are green; obviously you could change this. [more...] [$]

[picture: 91.---Roman Church in Dover Castle]

91.—Roman Church in Dover Castle

Close by the pharos are the ruins of an ancient church (Fig. 89). This church, which was in the form of a cross, was unquestionably constructed of Roman materials, if it was not of Roman work. The tiles present themselves in the same regular courses as in the pharos. The later antiquarians are inclined to the belief that this church was constructed [...] that little has been defaced by the alterations of successive centuries (Fig 91). But here is a religious edifice of Roman workmanship, or built after the model of Roman workmanship, in the form dear to the Christian worship, the primitive and lasting symbol of the Christian faith. It is held by some, and perhaps not unreasonably, that here stood the Prætorium of the Roman Castle—the elevated spot for state display and religious ceremonial, the place of command and of sacrifice. It is held, too, that upon such a platform was erected the Sacellum, the low building where the eagles which led the Roman soldiers to victory were guarded with reverential care. Such buildings, it is contended, might grow into Christian churches. It is difficult to establish or to disprove these theories; but the fact is certain that in several of the undoubted Roman castles, or camps, is a small building of cruciform shape, placed not far from the centre of the enclosure. At Porchester (Fig. 104) and at Dover these buildings have become churches. The chronicler of Dover Castle says (See Appendix, No. 1, to Dugdale’s Account of the Nunnery of St. Martin), “In the year of grace 180 reigned in Britain Lucius. He became a Christian under Pope Eleutherius, and served God, and advanced Holy Church as much as he could. Amongst other benefits he made a church in the said castle where the people of the town might receive the Sacraments.” The chronicler then goes on to tell us of “Arthur the Glorious,” and the hall which he made in Dover Castle; and then he comes to the dreary period of the Saxon invasion under Hengist, when “the Pagan people destroyed the churches throughout the land, and thrust out the Christians.” The remaining part of this history which pertains to the old church in the castle is told with an impressive quaintness: “In the year of grace 596, St. Gregory, the Pope, sent into England his cousin St. Augustine, and many other monks with him, to preach the Christian faith to the English. There then reigned in Kent Adelbert (Ethelbert), who, through the doctrine of St. Augustine, became a Christian with all his people; and all the other people in the land so became through the teachers which St. Augustine sent to them. This Adelbert had a son whose name was Adelbold (Eadbald), who after the death of his father reigned; and he became a Pagan, and banished the people of Holy Church out of his kingdom. Then the Archbishop of Canterbury, Laurence, who was preacher after St. Augustine, fled with others out of the land. But St. Peter appeared to him, and commanded that he should go boldly to the king and reprove him for his misdeeds. He did so, and by the grace of God the king repented and became devout to God and religious. This Adelbold ordained twenty-two secular canons in the castle to serve his chapel, and gave them twenty and two provenders (means of support). The said canons dwelt in the castle a hundred and five years, and maintained a great and fine house there, and went in and out of the castle night and day, according to their will, so that the Serjeants of the king which guarded the castle could not restrain them.” The canons, it would appear from this record, conducted themselves somewhat turbulently and irregularly during these hundred and five years, till they were finally ejected by King Withred, who removed them to the Church of St. Martin in the town of Dover, which he built for them. A fragment of the ruins of the town priory is to be seen near the market-place in Dover. This ejectment is held to have happened in the year 696. If the story be correct, the church within the castle must have been erected previous to the end of the seventh century. It might have been erected at a much earlier period, when many of the Roman soldiers of Britain were converts to the Roman faith; and here, upon that commanding rock which Matthew Paris called “Clavis et Repagulum totius Regni,” the very key and barrier of the whole kingdom, might the eagles have vailed before the emblems of the religion of peace (Figs. 92, 96), and the mailed soldiers have laid down their shields and javelins (Fig. 97) to mingle in that common worship which made the Roman and the Barbarian equals. (pp. 27ff) [more...] [$]


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Places shown:

Alnwick ·Anglesey ·Arundel ·Aston Cantlow ·Autun ·Avebury ·Bamburgh ·Bardon Mill ·Bartlow ·Beaumaris ·Bedfordshire ·Berkshire ·Betchworth ·Bishopsgate ·Bodiam ·Bodmin Moor ·Borthwick ·Bray ·Buckhurst ·Buckinghamshire ·Burgandy ·Burgh Castle ·Caernarvon ·Calais ·Cambridge ·Cambridgeshire ·Canterbury ·Cardiff ·Carlisle ·Carnbrea ·Carrick-on-Suir ·Castleton ·Charmouth ·Cheshire ·Chilton ·Chun Castle ·Claverton ·Colwall ·Constantine ·Cornwall ·County Kildare ·County Meath ·County Tipperary ·Coway Stakes ·Coxwald ·Cumberland ·Customs House ·Darab ·Denton Dean ·Derbyshire ·Devonshire ·Donoughmore ·Dorchester ·Dorset ·Dover ·Durham ·Earl's Barton ·East Budleigh ·East Dereham ·East Molesey ·East Sussex ·England ·Essex ·Evesham ·Exeter ·Fars ·Fermoy ·Festiniog ·Glamorgan ·Glasgow ·Gloucestershire ·Goodrich ·Guy's Cliffe ·Gwynedd ·Gwynnedd ·Hadley ·Hadrian's Wall ·Hampshire ·Hampton Court ·Hampton Court Palace ·Harestone ·Harlech ·Hastings ·Herefordshire ·Herstmonceaux ·Hertfordshire ·Hever ·Horsham ·Housesteads Roman Fort ·Howden ·Ile-de-France ·Jedburgh ·Jersey ·Kelso ·Kenilworth ·Kent ·Kildare ·Kirkwall ·Lambourn ·Lancashire ·Leicestershire ·Lillebonne ·Lincoln ·Lincolnshire ·Liskeard ·Llandaff ·London ·Ludlow ·Luton ·Lutterworth ·Magdalene College ·Maidstone ·Malvern ·Mambury Rings ·Melrose ·Merionethshire ·Mickletown ·Middlesex ·Midlothian ·Mile End ·Monmouthshire ·Morvah ·Navan ·Netley ·Newark ·Newcastle-upon-Tyne ·Newcatle-upon-tyne ·Newton Heath ·Norfolk ·Northampton ·Northamptonshire ·Northleach ·Northumberland ·Norwich ·Nottinghamshire ·Old Sarum ·Orkney Islands ·Oxford ·Oxfordshire ·Paris ·Pas-de-Calais ·Pevensey ·Plas Newydd ·Pompeii ·Porchester ·Prudhoe ·Reading ·Reculver ·Richborough ·Robertsbridge ·Rochester ·Roxburghshire ·Salisbury ·Salisbury Plain ·Salisubury Plain ·Scotland ·Seine-Maritime ·Shropshire ·Silbury ·Silchester ·Slane ·Smithfield ·Somerset ·Somersetshire ·Southampton ·Sri Lanka ·St. Giles in the Fields ·Stanmore ·Stanton Drew ·Stewkley ·Stone ·Stonehenge ·Stratford ·Strensham ·Suffolk ·Surrey ·Sussex ·Telech ·Wales ·Walsingham ·Walsingham Abbey ·Waltham Cross ·Warkworth ·Warwick ·Warwickshire ·West Riding ·Westminster ·Westminster Abbey ·Weston ·Weybridge ·Wiltshire ·Winchelsea ·Winchester ·Withyham ·Worcester ·Worcestershire ·York ·Yorkshire ·none

Old England: A Pictorial Museum of Regal, Ecclesiastical, Baronial, Municipal and Popular Antiquities, Charles Knight (1791 – 1873) London, Charles Knight and Co., Ludgate Street, First Edition, 1845, two volumes, folio, pp. viii, 392; vi, 386, 24 chromoxylographs (incl. frontis.). Many wood-engraved text illustrations.

My copy has contemporary (worn) half-calf with gilt backs; there is some light foxing and dampstaining to the plates and margins of some leaves. Ref. Abbey, Life, 43; purchased D. & E Lake Toronto, 1992.

This book has been reprinted, but the reprint is out of print; you can search for a used copy on Amazon.

I have typed in the index to the book so that you can ask me for other scans if you like.

I have the first few sections online as Old England: A Pictorial Museum if you want to read the actual book!

The book starts with Druidical and Prehistoric remains and continues on to have Castles, Manors and stately homes, Churches, Abbeys and Cathedrals and much more.

Charles Knight also produced an illustrated edition of the Works of Shakspere, as he spelt it.

There is an entry in the Nuttall Encyclopædia for Charles Knight.

Some of the engravings were done by the Dalziel brothers; I have some images from their autobiography, A Record of Work.

Contents

Volume I

Book I. Before the Conquest.

Chapter I. The British Period. [Fig. 1]

Chapter II. The Roman Period. [Fig. 80]

Chapter III. The Anglo-Saxon Period. [Fig. 189]

Book II. The Period From the Norman Conquest to the Death of King John. A.D. 1066—1216.

Chapter I. Regal and Baronial Antiquities. [Fig. 334]

Chapter II. Ecclesiastical Antiquities. [Fig. 491]

Chapter III. Popular Antiquities. [Fig. 795]

Book III. The Period From the Accession of Henry III. to the End of the Reign of Richard II. A.D. 1216—1399.

Chapter I. Regal and Baronial Antiquities. Fig. 814]

Chapter II. Ecclesiastical Antiquities. [Fig. 929]

Chapter III. Popular Antiquities.

Book IV. The Period From the Accession of Henry IV. to the End of the Reign of Richard III. A.D. 1399—1485.

Chapter I. Regal and Baronial Antiquities. [Fig. 1150]

Chapter II. Ecclesiastical Antiquities. [Fig. 1279]

Chapter III. Popular Antiquities. [Fig. 1335]

Although some of the images here are from Volume II, I plan to move them into their own darling little folder, and will make a second table of contents.

This book is online at archive.org (Vol I and Vol II), although the OCR has done a really bad job, and the scans are lower resolution and not cleaned up. But you could use it to request a specific image, and I will scan it for you if it’s not here yet.


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