Old England: A Pictorial Museum (page 9/50)

[picture: 52.---Plan of Chambers at Ballyhendon]

52.—Plan of Chambers at Ballyhendon

“Camden has given a rude [crude] representation of two caverns near Tilbury in Essex, “spacious caverns in a chalky cliff, built very artificially of stone to the height of ten fathoms [18 metres, or 60 feet], and somewhat straight at the top. [...]” The universality of the practice is shown in the caves which were discovered in Ireland, in 1829, [...] [more...] [$]

[picture: 53.---Plan of Chambers on a Farm twelve miles from Ballyhendon]
[picture: 54.---Ground Plan and Section of the Subterranean Chamber at Carrighhill.]

54.—Ground Plan and Section of the Subterranean Chamber at Carrighhill.

I think the place mentioned is probably Carrick, and in particular either the neolithic Carrick East Burial Chamber or Carrigadoon Hill, but I am not certain. At any rate the text makes clear that it is in Ireland, but says nothing more. The cited archaeological report [...] [more...] [$]

[picture: 55.---Welsh Pigsty.]

55.—Welsh Pigsty.

“Of the domestic buildings of the early Britons there are no remains, if we except some circular stone foundations, which may have been those of houses. It is concluded, perhaps somewhat too hastily, that their houses were little better than the huts of the rude tribes of Africa or Asia in our own day (Fig. 49). In the neighbourhood of Llandaff were, [...] [more...] [$]

[picture: 56.---The Druid Grove.]

56.—The Druid Grove.

A bearded and robed man sits in the shade of a giant tree, probably an oak tree; in the background a group of three robed figures surrounds a smaller tree. [more...] [$]

[picture: 57.---Ancient British Canoes.]

57.—Ancient British Canoes.

“Some of the Roman writers might lead us to believe that the Britons had boats capable of distant navigation; but this is doubted by most careful inquirers. But the light boats which were peculiar to the island were certainly of a construction well suited to their objects; for Cæsa, in his History of the Civil War, tells us that he had learnt their [...]Arun, in the village of North Stoke, Sussex (Fig. 57). In draining the Martine Mere, or Marton Lake, in Lancashire, eight canoes, each formed of a single tree, were found sunk deep in the mud and sand.” (p. 22) [more...] [$]

[picture: The Coronation Chair]

The Coronation Chair

The celebrated stone which now forms the seat of the coronation chair of the sovereigns of England is a flat stone, nearly square. It formerly stood in Argyleshire, according to Buchanan; who also says that King Kenneth, in the ninth century, transferred it to Scone, and enclosed it in a wooden chair. The monkish tradition was, that it was the identical [...] [more...] [$]

[picture: 58.---British Coracles.]

58.—British Coracles.

“The primitive inhabitants of all sea-girt countries are fishermen. It is impossible not to believe that the people of Britain, having at their command the treasures of wide æstuaries and deep rivers, were fishermen to a large extent. The Britons must always have [...]Severn and the Wye have still their coracles—little boats so peculiar in their construction that we may readily conceive them to belong to a remote antiquity. Gibson, the translator and best editor of Camden, has described these boats upon the Severn: [more...] [$]

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