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000-frontispiece-alnwick-castle-500x351.jpg, in Alnwick, Northumberland, England more
A colour engraving, printed using multiple plates (or stones) each engraved for a different colour.
We see in the foreground a stone bridge over a river, with a tomb of, or monument to, a dog on it. Two people are fishing on the rivberbank, and there are trees. Behind, we see the castle, which is large, and a yellow dawn or sunset. The castle seems to have at least eleven towers behind a curtain wall.
Here was, as is supposed, a Roman fortress, for, writes Grose, “when a part of the castle keep was taken down, under the present walls were discovered the foundations of other buildings, which lay in a different directionefrom the present, and some of the stones appeared to have Roman mouldings. The fretwork round the arch leading to the inner court is evidently of Saxon architecture, and yet this was probably not the ancient entrance, for, under the Flag Tower, before that part was taken down and rebuilt, was the appearance of a gateway that had been walled up, directly fronting the present outward gateway into the town.”
Later on it belonged to
This grand baronial castle was besieged in 1093 by Malcolm the Third, King of Scotland, but he being unexpectedly attacked by Robert de Moubray, a potent Norman baron, his army was totally defeated, Canmore himself being killed in the battle. In memorial of this event a cross was erected on the spot where he fell, which, after having fallen into decay, was restored in the year 1774 by the then Duchess of Northumberland, Her Grace being herself descended from Malcolm, through his daughter Maude, Queen of Henry the First of England.
In 1174 it was again laid siege to by William the Third of Scotland, who was taken prisoner; which is also commemorated by a monument.
In the lapse of ages afterwards the wear and tear of time worked their natural ravages on this ancient pile, which had stood so long the “battle and the breeze.” when, on the death of
The family of Smithson is stated to derive from John Smithson, living in 1446; that of Percy descended from William de Percy, one of the Norman companions of the Conqueror in 1066 .