Elementary Mechanics, Including Hydrostatics and Pneumatics. Revised edition (page 2/2)

[picture: 57.---Second Pulley System.]

57.—Second Pulley System.

The only system of pulleys frequently employed for hoisting is what is called the second system, where there are two blocks of pulleys, one attached to the weight, and the other to the beam; and where the same rope passes round all (fig. 57). The mechanical advantage in this case is simply equal to the number of strings sup­porting the [...] [more...]


[picture: 58.---Screw Lever Pointer.]

58.—Screw Lever Pointer.

139. A combination of levers is sometimes used, but more often for the purpose of magnifying small motions than for exerting great force; that is, for increasing the factor s in the product work at the expense of the factor F. In fig. 58 the motion of the screw is magnified, the pointer describing a considerable arc for one turn of the screw. (p. 138) [more...]


[picture: 59.---Screw Press.]

59.—Screw Press.

A lever and an inclined plane may be combined together into a screw-press, the incluned plane being coiled up into a spiral or screw-thread (fig. 59). For every complete revolution of the lever, the weight is raised a distance equal to that between the spires of the screw-threads; hence the mechanical advantage of such a press is the circumference [...] [more...]


[picture: 60.---Chinese Capstan.]

60.—Chinese Capstan.

A pulley is often used in conjunction with a capstan, the rope passing round a pulley attached to the weight, and the mechanical advantage of the capstan is thereby doubled. Moreover, the free end of the [...]

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