Rhinocerous (Hornnase Rhinocer) Engravingdetails

[Picture: Rhinocerous (Rhinoceros, Hornnase Rhinocer) Old Engraving or Woodcut]
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Rhinocerous (Hornnase Rhinocer) Engraving

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The Rhinoceros borrows his name from the horn in his snout. Some call him an Ægyptian Ox, some an Æthiopian Bull, but they mistake; for there are none in Ægypt, except by chance. In Æthiopia indeed is a bull like him in the horn, which the unskilfull miscall a Rhinoceros. Authors are most uncertain in their descrtiption of him.

Pliny in short this; that hee hath one horn in his Node, he is as tall as the Elephant, his thighs much shorter, box-coloured. Others add, that he hath a swines-head, an oxes-tayl, the Elephants hew; his horn is two foot long, that he is in the Province of mangus; that he is cold of temper; the horn on the tip of his snowt is sharp, strong as iron, his skin so tough, that no dart can pierce it; that he hath another shorter horn on his right shoulder. Some say, two in his nose, others say, one in his forehead. Some make the horn strait, like a Trumpet, with a black crosse streaked. Some say it is crooked; some flat; some, turning up. Some write that he hath two girdles on his back curling, and winding like those of Dragons; one turning toward his mane; the other toward his loyns. But Bontius, who hath seen the Rhinoceros a hundred times, both kept in Den, and loose in woods, writes that his skin is ash-coloured like the Elephants, very rugged, full of deep folds on the sides, and back, thick of hide, that a Japons sword cannot enter; the folds are like shields, or shells. He is hog-snouted, but not so blunt-nosed, their horn at the end is different according to their age: in some ash-coloured, sometimes black, sometimes white, he is not so long-legged, nor sightly as the Elephant.

He is found in the deserts of Africa, in Abasia, in many parts of Asia, in Bengala, and Jacatra; Not knowen to the Greeks in Aristoteles time; nor to the Romans afore the year D C L C V I after the building of Rome.

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