# 106

## The apparent size of objects defined by calculation.

PERSPECTIVE.

If two similar and equal objects are placed one beyond the other at a given distance the difference in their size will appear greater in proportion as they are nearer to the eye that sees them. And conversely there will seem to be less difference in their size in proportion as they are remote from the eve.

This is proved by the proportions of their distances among themselves; for, if the first of these two objects were as far from the eye, as the 2nd from the first this would be called the second proportion: since, if the first is at 1 braccia from the eye and the 2nd at two braccia, two being twice as much as one, the first object will look twice as large as the second. But if you place the first at a hundred braccia from you and the second at a hundred and one, you will find that the first is only so much larger than the second as 100 is less than 101; and the converse is equally true. And again, the same thing is proved by the 4th of this book which shows that among objects that are equal, there is the same proportion in the diminution of the size as in the increase in the distance from the eye of the spectator.

Taken from The Notebooks of Leonardo da Vinci edited by Jean Paul Richter, 1880.

I * III
Notebooks of Leonoardo da Vinci
II: Linear Perspective.
. . .
The angle of sight varies with the distance.
86,
87,
88
Opposite pyramids in juxtaposition.
89
On simple and complex perspective.
90
The proper distance of objects from the eye.
91,
92
eye.
93,
94,
95,
96,
97,
98
The apparent size of objects defined by calculation.
99,
100,
101,
102,
103,
104,
105,
106
On natural perspective.
107,
108,
109