DIFFERENT PORTIONS OF A WALL SURFACE WILL BE DARKER OR BRIGHTER IN PROPORTION AS THE LIGHT OR SHADOW FALLS ON THEM AT A LARGER ANGLE.

The foregoing proposition can be clearly proved in this way. Let us
say that *m q* is the luminous body, then *f g* will be the opaque
body; and let *a e* be the above-mentioned plane on which the said
angles fall, showing [plainly] the nature and character of their
bases. Then: *a* will be more luminous than *b*; the base of the
angle *a* is larger than that of *b* and it therefore makes a
greater angle which will be *a m q*; and the pyramid *b p m* will be
narrower and *m o c* will be still finer, and so on by degrees, in
proportion as they are nearer to *e*, the pyramids will become
narrower and darker. That portion of the wall will be the darkest
where the breadth of the pyramid of shadow is greater than the
breadth of the pyramid of light.

At the point *a* the pyramid of light is equal in strength to the
pyramid of shadow, because the base *f g* is equal to the base *r
f*. At the point *d* the pyramid of light is narrower than the
pyramid of shadow by so much as the base *s f* is less than the base
*f g*.

Divide the foregoing proposition into two diagrams, one with the pyramids of light and shadow, the other with the pyramids of light [only].

Taken from
*The Notebooks of Leonardo da Vinci*
edited by Jean Paul Richter, 1880.