By Tre, Pol, and Pen,

You shall know the Cornish men.

These three words, says Fuller, are the Dictionary of such surnames as are originally Cornish; and, though nouns in sense, I may fitly term them prepositions.

1 Tre signifieth a town
{ Hence Tre-fry, Tre-lawny,
Tre-vannion, &c,.
2 Pol an head
Hence Pol-wheel.
3 Pen a top
{ Hence Pen-tire, Pen-rose,
Pen-kevil, &c.

Some add to these a fourth inchoation, viz, Car, which signifies a rock, as Car-mine, Car-zeu, &c.

Entry taken from Provincial Glossary, edited by Francis Grose.

previous entry index next entry

In Cheshire there are Lees as plenty as fleas

By Tre, Pol, and Pen
To give one a Cornish hug
Hengston-down, well ywrought

——If Skiddaw hath a cap


Cornwall in Nuttal Encyclopædia

Antique pictures from Cornwall